This course introduces concepts and methodologies of environmental impact assessment (EIA), strategic environmental assessment (SEA) and environmental monitoring program (EMP). As well, it reviews past environmental impact studies, highlighting their strengths and their weaknesses. EMP provide aquacultures with an annual summary of the activities occurring on licensed aquaculture sites including development rates, species farmed, feed inputs, disease incidents, interactions with large marine invertebrates and chemical use. The purpose of environmental impact assessment is to ensure that the environmental effects of a proposed development are fully considered, together with the economic or social benefits of the development, before the planning application is determined expressing the “pollution prevention principle” of the EU law. EIA is thus an anticipatory, participatory environmental management tool. Special attention will be paid to the scientific quality of EIA studies (design and confounding factors) and how authorities comply with regulations and directives. EIA will also be put into the context of the Water Framework Directive and the European Marine Strategy of the EU. Students will have an exercise in how to prepare and implement an impact assessment of a project, plan and a policy. In the latter part of the course there will be an introduction to the theory and methods of various management systems used in the world. The class will review the rationale for such systems, as well as their principles, components and use. Different environmental and sustainability management frameworks will be evaluated.
At the end of the course, students will:
Be familiar and capable to work with the EU Directives on EIA and SEA.
Have gained insights into the theoretical and practical sides of EIA and SEA.
Be able to critically assess the quality of EIA studies.
Be able to put EIA studies into the context of the EU framework.
Be able to set up EIA projects under different environmental settings, and write reports and recommendations for authorities.
Have become familiar with how to organise and implement environmental and
sustainability management systems.
Student's final grade will be based on class participation and discussions (25%); presentation of bibliography assignment (30%); and practical exercises and case study (45%).
Course Outline - lectures